As crystals are important etiologic agents for disease, their accurate identification in tissues and body fluids is of utmost importance. This paper surveys the roles of crystals in disease process and outlines current analytical techniques for crystal detection and identification in bone tissues. The value of multiple correlated techniques is demonstrated including scanning electron microscopy, x-ray energy spectroscopy and powder diffraction analysis. The current feasibility of utilizing intermediate voltage scanning transmission analytical electron microscopy to integrate these analytical techniques on the same tissue sample is emphasized.
Pritzker, K. P. H.; Cheng, P. -T.; Grynpas, M. D.; and Holmyard, D. P.
"Crystal Associated Diseases: Role of Scanning Electron Microscopy in Diagnosis,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 2
, Article 24.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol2/iss3/24