The Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) can image gold surfaces covered with a variety of liquids. This paper reviews the results obtained using the STM to image gold surfaces covered with liquid. These results include the creation of 10 nm structures, images of the electrochemical process of electroplating, and the production of atomically flat Au (111) surfaces. We conclude that in the future STM will find further application in the area of nanostructure fabrication and electrochemistry. The trend in the field is toward greater control of the electrochemical environment.
Schneir, J.; Harary, H. H.; Dagata, J. A.; Hansma, P. K.; and Sonnenfeld, R.
"Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Fabrication of Nanometer Scale Structures at the Liquid-Gold Interface,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 3
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol3/iss3/3