The microvasculature of human hard and soft palate and lip originating from four infant males and six females, aged 6 months to 2 years was studied by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts and light microscopy of India ink injected specimens. The capillary loops of the hard palate mucosa and vermilion border of the lips were found to be tall, numerous and consisted of primary, secondary and tertiary loops. Those of the soft palatal and labial mucosa were short, few in number and demonstrated a simple hair-pin shape originating directly from the subpapillary vascular network. It was concluded that the configuration of capillary loops is not only determined by the shape of the connective tissue papillae in the lamina propria but also influenced by the functional demands characteristic of the different areas of the oral mucosa.
Yu, Q. X.; Pang, K. M.; Ran, W.; Philipsen, H. P.; and Chen, X. H.
"The Microvasculature of Human Infant Oral Mucosa Using Vascular Corrosion Casts and India Ink Injection II. Palate and Lip,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 8
, Article 13.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol8/iss1/13