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The National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE) invited a small group of experienced engineering educators, curriculum developers, cognitive scientists, and professional development providers to engage in the discussion of guidelines for the selection and development of engineering design challenges suitable for all students in grades 9-12. That effort resulted in seven provocative papers (Carr & Strobel, 2011; Denson, 2011; Eisenkraft, 2011; Hynes et al., 2011; Jonassen, 2011a; Schunn, 2011; Sneider, 2011) that are accessible on the NCETE web site at NCETE hosted two Caucuses, each consisting of “a group of people united to promote an agreed-upon cause” (Merriam-Webster, 2009, p. 196). Ten individuals who were early innovators in introducing engineering design activities in high school STEM settings were invited to each Caucus. Both Caucuses were held on the Utah State University campus in Logan; the first August 2 and 3, 2011 and the second May 22-24, 2012. The invited papers and an annotated bibliography were made available to the Caucus participants to provide background information. The Caucus groups engaged in intensive dialogues during their on-campus sessions, prepared statements on aspects of the development and selection of authentic engineering design challenges, and suggested revisions of successive drafts.