European Geosciences Union
From September to November 2005, the NASA Living with a Star program supported the Spread-F Experiment campaign (SpreadFEx) in Brazil to study the effects of convectively generated gravity waves on the ionosphere and their role in seeding Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities, and associated equatorial plasma bubbles. Several US and Brazilian institutes deployed a broad range of instruments (all-sky imagers, digisondes, photometers, meteor/VHF radars, GPS receivers) covering a large area of Brazil. The campaign was divided in two observational phases centered on the September and October new moon periods. During these periods, an Utah State University (USU) all-sky CCD imager operated at S˜ao Jo˜ao d’Alianc¸a (14.8 S, 47.6 W), near Brasilia, and a Brazilian all-sky CCD imager located at Cariri (7.4 S, 36 W), observed simultaneously the evolution of the ionospheric bubbles in the OI (630 nm) emission and the mesospheric gravity wave field. The two sites had approximately the same magnetic latitude (9–10 S) but were separated in longitude by 1500 km.
Pautet, P.-D., Taylor, M.J., Chapagain, N.P., Takahashi, H., Medeiros, A.F., São Sabbas, F.T., and Fritts, D.C.: Simultaneous Observations of Equatorial F-Region Plasma Depletions over Brazil During the Spread F Experiment (SpreadFEx), Ann. Geophys., 27, 1–11, 2009.