Physics of Plasmas
Linear closures are obtained for arbitrary collisionality for the 3 þ 1 fluid model which includes the evolution of density, flow velocity, and pressure both parallel and perpendicular to a preferred direction, usually a magnetic field. A large set of 6400 moment equations is solved to provide closures that are accurate in the collisional regime and well into the collisionless regime. The closures in the collisionless limit are determined by solving the kinetic equation with a model collision operator. Simple fits for the kernel functions that define the closures are obtained for arbitrary collisionality in wave number space. The results are linearly accurate to within 3% across the entire range of collisionality.
Physics of Plasmas 25, 032117 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5014996 View online: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5014996