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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics


Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

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We use extensive incoherent scatter radar observations from the Jicamarca Radio Observatory to study the local time and bi‐monthly dependence of the equatorial disturbance dynamo vertical plasma drifts on solar flux and geomagnetic activity. We show that the daytime disturbance drifts have generally small magnitudes with largest values before noon and an apparent annual variation. Near dusk, they are downward throughout the year with largest values during the equinoxes and smallest during June solstice. These downward drifts increase strongly with solar flux, and shift to later local times. They also increase with increasing geomagnetically active conditions with no apparent local time shift. The equinoctial evening downward disturbance drifts are larger during the autumnal equinox than during the vernal equinox. The nighttime disturbance drifts are upward and have small seasonal and solar cycle dependence but increase strongly with geomagnetic activity, particularly in the late night sector. Our results are in general agreement with those from previous theoretical and experimental studies, except near dusk where our results show much stronger seasonal and solar cycle dependence.


An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright (2019) American Geophysical Union. To view the published open abstract, go to and enter the DOI.

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