Canadian Journal of Physics
We derive both Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics as gauge theories of Newtonian mechanics. Systematic development of the distinct symmetries of dynamics and measurement suggest that gauge theory may be motivated as a reconciliation of dynamics with measurement. Applying this principle to Newton's law with the simplest measurement theory leads to Lagrangian mechanics, while use of conformal measurement theory leads to Hamiltonian mechanics.PACS Nos.: 45.20.Jj, 11.25.Hf, 45.10.–b [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Wheeler, J. T., Gauging Newton’s Law, Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 85, issue 4 (2007), pp. 307-344. http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0305017.