Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
American Geophysical Union
Data from the DMSP F2 and F4 satellites for the period December 5-10, 1979, have been used to study the diurnal dependence of the high-latitude ion density at 800-km altitude. A 24-hour periodicity in the minimum orbital density (MOD) during a crossing of the high-latitude region is observed in both the winter and summer hemispheres. The phase of the variation in MOD is such that it has a minimum during the 24-hour period between 0700 and 0900 UT. Both the long term variation of the high-latitude ion density on a time scale of days, and the orbit by orbit variations at the same geomagnetic location in the northern (winter) hemisphere for the magnetically quiet time period chosen show good qualitative agreement with the diurnal dependence predicted by a theoretical model of the ionospheric density at high latitudes under conditions of low convection speeds (Sojka et al., 1981a).
Sojka, J. J., W. J. Raitt, R. W. Schunk, F. J. Rich, and R. C. Sagalyn (1982), Observations of the Diurnal Dependence of the High-Latitude F Region Ion Density by DMSP Satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 87(A3), 1711–1718, doi:10.1029/JA087iA03p01711.