Burnout among the addiction counseling workforce: The differential roles of mindfulness and values-based processes and worksite factors.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Although work-site factors have been shown to be a consistent predictor of burnout, the importance of mindfulness and values-based processes among addiction counselors has been little examined. In this study, we explored how strongly experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, and values commitment related to burnout after controlling for well-established work-site factors (job control, coworker support, supervisor support, salary, workload, and tenure). We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 699 addiction counselors working for urban substance abuse treatment providers in six states of the United States. Results corroborated the importance of work-site factors for burnout reduction in this specific population, but we found that mindfulness and values-based processes had a stronger and more consistent relationship with burnout as compared with work-site factors. We conclude that interventions that target experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, and values commitment may provide a possible new direction for the reduction of burnout among addiction counselors.
Vilardaga, R.; Luoma, J. B.; Hayes, S. C.; Pistorello, J.; Levin, Michael E.; Hildebrandt, M. J.; Kohlenberg, B.; Roget, N. A.; and Bond, F., "Burnout among the addiction counseling workforce: The differential roles of mindfulness and values-based processes and worksite factors." (2011). Psychology Faculty Publications. Paper 1110.