Masculine Gender-Role Congruence Among Sexual Minority Men
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling
Sexual minority men’s sexual identity may be vulnerable to feelings of masculine gender-role incongruence within heteronormative dominant cultural contexts. This study explored associations between masculine gender-role congruence/incongruence and various aspects of sexual identity development in a sample of 106 nonheterosexual men between ages 18 and 74 years (M = 34.86, SD = 14.32). The majority of the sample identified as gay (79%), with the rest of the sample identifying as bisexual (10%), and nonexclusively same-sex-attracted sexual identity labels (e.g., pansexual, queer; 10%). Slightly more than half of the men reported congruence between their actual self-perception of masculinity and their ideal masculine presentation. However, men who experienced greater masculine gender-role incongruence, specifically presenting with lower masculine appearance and behavior than they desired, reported higher levels of identity distress and self-consciousness. Thus, though masculine gender roles are being challenged and gender nonconformity is becoming more widely accepted, masculine gender roles are still relevant to the lives of sexual minority men. Future research and clinical implications are discussed.
Parmenter, J., *Blume, A. K., *Crowell, K. A., & Galliher, R. V. (2019). Masculine gender role congruence among sexual minority men. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 13, 94 – 113. doi.org/10.1080/15538605.2019.1597817