Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs Block Selective Components of Amphetamine-Induced Stereotypy
Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior
Individual items of behavior produced by 1.0 or 5.0 mg/kg d-amphetamine were monitored in rats pretreated 15 minutes earlier with vehicle or with behaviorally relevant doses of haloperidol (0.1 or 0.25 mg/kg), clozapine (1.0 or 5.0 mg/kg), or thioridazine (1.0 or 5.0 mg/kg). Unlike haloperidol, the atypical antipsychotics failed to block all components of either the low- or high-dose response to amphetamine. These drugs, however, did block selective items of amphetamine-induced stereotyped behavior. Clozapine significantly attenuated the sniffing produced by 1.0 mg/kg d-amphetamine as well as the oral behavior (licking and/or biting) produced by 5.0 mg/kg d-amphetamine. Thioridazine, at a dose 5.0 mg/kg, also reduced oral behavior and selectively blocked repetitive head bobbing. Taken together, these results suggest that although atypical antipsychotic drugs exert some common effects on the amphetamine behavioral response, these drugs do not influence all amphetamine-induced behaviors equally.
Tschanz JT & Rebec GV. Atypical antipsychotic drugs block selective components of amphetamine-induced stereotypy. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior 1988;31: 519-522.