A Psychometric Investigation of the FACES-III: Confirmatory Factor Analysis with Replication
Early Education and Development
Taylor & Francis
The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales—III has been frequently used to measure the family environment. Although some data exist attesting to the reliability and validity of FACES-III data, the underlying factor structure of the instrument has not been assessed using a confirmatory methodology. The present research used data from a sample of 922 families with children having disabilities to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis. Results suggest that the structure of the instrument proposed by the author did not provide an acceptable fit to the data. Post-hoc model fitting identified 3-Factor solutions for the Actual and Ideal Scales as superior based on fit statistics and replication. The Cohesion Scale as originally proposed by the authors of the instrument remained intact. The original Adaptability Scale was divided into two scales, Adaptability, which focused on change in leadership and rules within the family, and Discipline and Control which targeted the role of children in the family system. The present results are consistent with challenges to the adaptability scale, and supports other exploratory analyses of the instrument.
Crowley, S. L. (1998). A psychometric investigation of the FACES-III: Confirmatory factor analysis with replication. Early Education and Development, 9, 161-178.