College of Humanities and Social Sciences
Political Science Department
MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha) was founded by Salvadoran immigrants fleeing a harsh civil war in California during the 1980s. It became an international organization after deportation tactics in the LA barrios exported the threat to El Salvador.
Penner, Hannah, "Cultural Traits of Salvadoran Gangs Offer Chance for U.S. to Weaken MS-13" (2019). Research on Capitol Hill. Paper 113.