Event Title

Understanding Complex Relationships between Water and Volcanism in the Western Snake River Plain, Idaho

Presenter Information

Meagan DeRaps
John Shervais

Location

Eccles Conference Center

Event Website

http://water.usu.edu/

Start Date

4-2-2009 10:50 AM

End Date

4-2-2009 10:55 AM

Description

The Western Snake River Plain provides us with a unique opportunity to study the evolution of basaltic volcanism. In addition to studying the horizontal variation at the surface of the plain, erosion by the Snake River allows us to study the vertical variation as well. With the aid of both a GSA graduate student research grant and a USGS EDMAP grant we mapped the Dorsey Butte quadrangle and southern half of the Little Joe Butte quadrangle at a scale of 1:24,000. The quadrangles are located within both the Ada and Elmore counties of southwestern Idaho, approximately 30 km west of Mountain Home and 2 km north of Grand View. The two maps will extend westward the eight 7.5 minute quadrangles previously mapped by Shervais et al. (2002). The result of this work will be an area encompassing 530 square miles centered around Mountain Home that have been geologically mapped at a scale of 1:24,000. The geology of this area consists predominantly of basaltic volcanism, lake sedimentation, and quaternary faulting. Lava flows, shield volcanoes, and cinder cones dominate the landscape with a concentration of phreatomagmatic deposits along the cliffs of the Snake River. An eight-meter stratigraphic column was generated from a phreatomagmatic outcrop within the Basaltic Tuff and Breccia of Hayland School. The base of the unit consists of subaerial scoria fall deposits. Above the scoria deposits sedimentary material is present within cross-bedded and massive layers that may be the product of channel flow, subaqueous reworking of material, and/or subaqueous debris flow. The final stages of the Hayland School eruption involved a de-watering of the system resulting in an increase in the proportion of basaltic clasts and finally a basaltic lava flow. The periods of hydration and de-watering of the volcanic system are likely the product of damming of the ancestral Snake River and/or growth of the volcanic edifice above water level.

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Apr 2nd, 10:50 AM Apr 2nd, 10:55 AM

Understanding Complex Relationships between Water and Volcanism in the Western Snake River Plain, Idaho

Eccles Conference Center

The Western Snake River Plain provides us with a unique opportunity to study the evolution of basaltic volcanism. In addition to studying the horizontal variation at the surface of the plain, erosion by the Snake River allows us to study the vertical variation as well. With the aid of both a GSA graduate student research grant and a USGS EDMAP grant we mapped the Dorsey Butte quadrangle and southern half of the Little Joe Butte quadrangle at a scale of 1:24,000. The quadrangles are located within both the Ada and Elmore counties of southwestern Idaho, approximately 30 km west of Mountain Home and 2 km north of Grand View. The two maps will extend westward the eight 7.5 minute quadrangles previously mapped by Shervais et al. (2002). The result of this work will be an area encompassing 530 square miles centered around Mountain Home that have been geologically mapped at a scale of 1:24,000. The geology of this area consists predominantly of basaltic volcanism, lake sedimentation, and quaternary faulting. Lava flows, shield volcanoes, and cinder cones dominate the landscape with a concentration of phreatomagmatic deposits along the cliffs of the Snake River. An eight-meter stratigraphic column was generated from a phreatomagmatic outcrop within the Basaltic Tuff and Breccia of Hayland School. The base of the unit consists of subaerial scoria fall deposits. Above the scoria deposits sedimentary material is present within cross-bedded and massive layers that may be the product of channel flow, subaqueous reworking of material, and/or subaqueous debris flow. The final stages of the Hayland School eruption involved a de-watering of the system resulting in an increase in the proportion of basaltic clasts and finally a basaltic lava flow. The periods of hydration and de-watering of the volcanic system are likely the product of damming of the ancestral Snake River and/or growth of the volcanic edifice above water level.

https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/runoff/2009/AllPosters/3