Event Title

Determination of Subsurface Soil Evaporation using a Heat Pulse Probe Array

Presenter Information

Kashifa Rumana

Location

ECC 216

Event Website

http://water.usu.edu/

Start Date

4-3-2012 5:25 PM

End Date

4-3-2012 5:30 PM

Description

Soil-water evaporation is a critical component of both the surface energy balance and the hydrologic cycle, coupling heat and water transfer between land and atmosphere. Bare-soil evaporation and plant-soil-atmospheric interactions are important components of the water balance in semiarid and arid regions. The rate of evaporation is affected by atmospheric elements such as temperature, humidity, and convection by air and soil pore space, thermal and hydraulic conductivities and vapor diffusivity. Our research initially aims to determine subsurface water evaporation using a heat balance method in a soil column under constant atmospheric conditions. In a second step, the applicability of the sensible heat balance method under field conditions will be employed to assess the diurnal cycling of energy inputs. In-situ soil water evaporation dynamics are measured using a heat pulse probe designed to determine soil temperature and thermal properties. The probe consists of heater needle and five or six thermistor needles. A small heat input is applied to a resistance wire in the heater needle, while the remaining thermistor needles measure temperature response at fixed distances of 6.5mm from the heater. The heat pulse probe is rotated 27.3° from a vertical orientation yielding temperature measurements every 3mm within the soil profile. In order to get finer thermistor spacing near the soil surface, a sixth thermistor is added in between the top two array needles. Measurements of soil temperature and thermal properties (thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity) obtained with the heat pulse probe array allow calculation of the sensible heat balance below the soil surface. The heat pulse probe array provides an effective means to determine subsurface soil-water evaporation rate and can be coupled with surface evaporation estimates using remotely sensed measurements techniques to allow separation of evaporation from evapotranspiration measurements.

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Apr 3rd, 5:25 PM Apr 3rd, 5:30 PM

Determination of Subsurface Soil Evaporation using a Heat Pulse Probe Array

ECC 216

Soil-water evaporation is a critical component of both the surface energy balance and the hydrologic cycle, coupling heat and water transfer between land and atmosphere. Bare-soil evaporation and plant-soil-atmospheric interactions are important components of the water balance in semiarid and arid regions. The rate of evaporation is affected by atmospheric elements such as temperature, humidity, and convection by air and soil pore space, thermal and hydraulic conductivities and vapor diffusivity. Our research initially aims to determine subsurface water evaporation using a heat balance method in a soil column under constant atmospheric conditions. In a second step, the applicability of the sensible heat balance method under field conditions will be employed to assess the diurnal cycling of energy inputs. In-situ soil water evaporation dynamics are measured using a heat pulse probe designed to determine soil temperature and thermal properties. The probe consists of heater needle and five or six thermistor needles. A small heat input is applied to a resistance wire in the heater needle, while the remaining thermistor needles measure temperature response at fixed distances of 6.5mm from the heater. The heat pulse probe is rotated 27.3° from a vertical orientation yielding temperature measurements every 3mm within the soil profile. In order to get finer thermistor spacing near the soil surface, a sixth thermistor is added in between the top two array needles. Measurements of soil temperature and thermal properties (thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity) obtained with the heat pulse probe array allow calculation of the sensible heat balance below the soil surface. The heat pulse probe array provides an effective means to determine subsurface soil-water evaporation rate and can be coupled with surface evaporation estimates using remotely sensed measurements techniques to allow separation of evaporation from evapotranspiration measurements.

https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/runoff/2012/Posters/7