The Effect of the Label of Mental Retardation on Employer Concerns and Selection
Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Investigated the effect of the label of mental retardation (MR) on the factors underlying the employment selection (ES) process. A sample of 296 employers who were members of the Wisconsin Manufacturing and Commerce Association responded to a survey, in which the appearance of the label of MR was manipulated between control and experimental groups. Factor analysis suggested that 56.3% of the variance in ES was accounted for by the following 7 factors: fundamental skills; advanced skills; job knowledge, skills, and abilities; personal liability; personal assets; dependability; and organizational demands. Results seem to support the contention that the label of MR negatively affects employers' ratings of fundamental and advanced skills in ES.
Millington, M. J., Szymanski, E. M., & Hanley-Maxwell, C. (1994). The effect of the label of mental retardation on employer concerns and selection. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 38(1), 27-43.