Title

The Application of a Self-ManagementProgram on Instruction-Following Skills

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of the Association forPersons with Severe Handicaps

Volume

14

Publication Date

1989

First Page

147

Last Page

154

Abstract

The effects of a multicomponent self-management program on the instruction-following behaviors of five students with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities are investigated in a vocational skills training program that included self-generated verbal prompts, picture cues, double instructions, and reinforcement. Training components for individual participants were added as needed to facilitate task performance. The percentage of appropriate responses to both trained and untrained instructions was evaluated within a multiple baseline design. Results demonstrated that training was effective in teaching the students to respond appropriately to instructions. Furthermore, the findings suggested that the students learned to respond to novel instructions. Suggestions for using flexible self-management programs, in which training components are established as effective for individual participants, are discussed.

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