Title

The Effects of Extinction, Noncontingent Reinforcement, and Differential Reinforcementof Other Behavior as Control Procedures for Contingent Reinforcement

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

Volume

36

Publication Date

2003

First Page

221

Last Page

238

Abstract

Several techniques have been used in applied research as controls for the introduction of a reinforcement contingency, including extinction, noncontingent reinforcement (NCR), and differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO). Little research, however, has examined the relative strengths and limitations of these "reversal" controls. We compared the effects of extinction with those of NCR and DRO in both multi-element and reversal designs, with respect to (a) rate and amount of response decrement, (b) rate of response recovery following reintroduction of reinforcement, and (c) any positive or negative side effects associated with transitions. Results indicated that extinction generally produced the most consistent and rapid reversal effects, with few observed negative side effects.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS