Dairymen have a continuing problem in maintaining herd size. Disease, injuries, and low production, make it necessary for them to cull animals from their herds. Replacements equal to a complete herd turnover are necessary every two to six years. Consequently, many are wondering as to the most profitable practice to supply the needed replacements in the herd. Three alternatives are available: Dairymen can produce herd replacements. They can purchase either heifers or cows. They can contract with growers specializing in raising heifers to provide replacements. Since all dairy enterprises differ to some degree, each dairyman should seek a specific solution to his herd replacement problem.
Utah State University
Morrison, Earnest M. and McArthur, J'Wayne, "Cost of Raising Dairy Heifers in Northern Utah" (1963). Utah Resources Series. Paper 7.