The Importance of Who You Meet: Effects of Self- versus Other- Concerns among Negotiators in the United States, the People's Republic of China, and Japan
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
This study examines intracultural negotiation within three different cultures—the United States (US), the People s Republic of China (PRC), and Japan. Within these cultures, we focus on the interactive effects of the self-concerns (operationalized as aspiration level) and other-concerns (operationalized as egoistic vs. prosocial motives) of negotiators in a dyadic setting (De Dreu, Weingart, & Kwon, 2000; Pruitt & Rubin, 1986). After allowing negotiators to set their own aspiration levels, we predicted that the positive effect on final individual profit of having a higher aspiration than one s opponent would be stronger among negotiators with an egoistic social motive orientation. We also hypothesized that egoistic negotiators with higher aspiration levels than their opponents would achieve greater profit in the PRCand Japan, relative to their counterparts in the US. We argue that this effect is due to ‘‘who you meet’’ as a negotiation opponent—there is a higher probability of encountering an egoistic negotiation opponent in the US, but a higher probability of encountering a prosocial negotiation opponent in the PRCand Japan. Our results supported these hypotheses. Implications for the literatures on negotiation and cross-cultural research are discussed.
Chen, Ya-Ru; Mannix, Elizabeth A.; and Okumura, Tetsushi, "The Importance of Who You Meet: Effects of Self- versus Other- Concerns among Negotiators in the United States, the People's Republic of China, and Japan" (2003). All UNF Research. Paper 4.