Table of contents

62 HAND APPLICATION OF HERBICIDE PELLETS TO 'CONTROL SMALL JUNIPER AND PINYON TREES N. E. West and N. S. Van Pelt Tree defoliation using herbicides that can be applied on foot or from horseback can effectively control "weed" trees in previously chained areas.

66 SHRUB DJEBACK IN THE GREAT BASIN D. A. Pyke and j. P. Dobrowolski Since 1982, shrub dieback has affected one million acres in Utah. The cause doesn't appear to be related to drought. but it might be related to waterlogged soils.

73 SWEETVETCH: A NATIVE LEGUME FOR RANGELAND REVEGETATION T. M. J. Ford. D. A. Johnson. M. D. Rumbaugh and B. Z. Richardson Eleven populations of the native legume were evaluated to determine if there was enough genetic variability for improvement through breeding and selection.

78 LOSSES ON PRIVATE LAND DUE TO BIG-GAME ANIMALS D. B. Nielsen and K. McBride Survey results show that farmers and growers feel they are not fully compensated for losses due to big-game.

89 INCREASING PROFITS ON CATTLE RANCHES IN UTAH R. E. Banner Ranchers can tap substantial savings by basing size of cow herds on the year-long availability of range forage.

93 RESEARCH IN BRIEF An overview of some of the research supported by the Experiment Station.

101 THE ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF IMPROVING CATTLE RANCH PRODUCTION J. P. Workman and A. Dickie According to a computerized budgeting program, decreasing haying costs offers the greatest potential to increase net returns on medium-sized cattle ranches in Utah.

104 THE EFFECTS OF GRAZING AND BROWSING ANIMALS ON WILDLIFE HABITATS P. J. Urness and D. D. Austin Results of several studies show that livestock and wildlife can share rangelands to the benefit of both types of species.

108 REDUCING LARKSPUR POISONING IN CATTLE ON MOUNTAIN RANGES M. H. Ralphs. J. A. Pfister. J. D. Olsen. G. D. Manners and D. B. Nielsen There are several tactics to reduce the risk of larkspur poisoning, but additional research is required to develop more effective management strategies.

1 16 COMMON USE: BETTER FOR CATTILE, SHEEP, AND RANGELANDS J. E. Bowns Sheep and cattle often prefer different forages and utilize different parts of the range, which means that grazing sheep and cattle in combination can improve the utilization of some ranges.

124 IMPROVING FORAGE AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION ON SEEDED FOOTHILL RANGES C. A. Call and J. C. Malechek A review of several research projects concerning the establishment, utilization and renovation of seeded foothill ranges in northern and central Utah.