Document Type


Publication Date

January 1974


Introduction: Approximately 90 percent of the wastewater lagoons in the United States are located in small communities of 5,000 people or less. These communities, many with an average daily wastewater flow of only 175,000 - 200,000 gallons, do not have the resources to keep man at the lagoon sites throughout the day (38). A high degree of technical knowhow is usually lacking in these communities. Often only periodic inspection or maintenance is carried out by the general municipal work force. Therefore, the development of a relatively inexpensive method that does not require sophisticated and constant operation or extensive maintenance is needed to polish these effluents. Most regulatory agencies are adopting more stringent water quality standards, enforcement of which will necessitate changes in present treatment methods and the philosophy of wastewater treatment. Small communities utilizing stabilization ponds will be affected most drastically by new standards. Because most communities utilizing ponds are relatively small and installed ponds primariliy to avoid operating costs, it is unlikely that modifications requiring significant increases in operation will be acceptable. Therefore, the most sophisticated alternatives for upgrading treatment must be excluded from a practicable solution to solids removal from stabilization pond effluent.