Event Title

Review of global simulation studies of the effect of ionospheric outflow on the magnetosphere-ionosphere system dynamics

Location

Yosemite National Park

Start Date

2-12-2014 11:25 AM

End Date

2-12-2014 11:55 AM

Description

Since the detection of O^+ ions by satellites in the 1970s it has been known that the ionosphere is an important source of plasma in the Earth’s magnetotail. More recent observations have shown that these ions can become a dominant component of the plasma in the plasmasheet. Early work in substorm research considered a role for O+ in the onset of plasma instabilities and their relationship to substorm onset. Theoretical analysis of reconnection in multifluid plasmas has shown that the presence of a heavy ion slows the reconnection rate raising interesting implications for the occurrence rate of substorms. Global scale simulations have been used to effectively model the interaction of the solar wind with the tightly coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system. These models are now beginning to develop methods to include mass outflows from the ionosphere. Techniques for including these outflows include both empirical and first principle models. In the empirical techniques the relationship between observed parameters such as Poynting flux and outflow are used to specify both the location and intensity of the outflow coming from the cusp and auroral regions. First principle models of the polar wind typically use a large set of single flux tube simulations to describe the plasma flowing out over the entire polar cap. In both approaches significant impacts on the state of the magnetosphere are seen when the ionospheric plasma is included. These affects include improved agreement with Dst observations, changes in the cross polar cap potential, and alteration of the length of the magnetotail. Furthermore, some simulation results have demonstrated a role for O+ in the transition from steady magnetospheric convection into the sawtooth intervals containing multiple storage and release segments.

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Feb 12th, 11:25 AM Feb 12th, 11:55 AM

Review of global simulation studies of the effect of ionospheric outflow on the magnetosphere-ionosphere system dynamics

Yosemite National Park

Since the detection of O^+ ions by satellites in the 1970s it has been known that the ionosphere is an important source of plasma in the Earth’s magnetotail. More recent observations have shown that these ions can become a dominant component of the plasma in the plasmasheet. Early work in substorm research considered a role for O+ in the onset of plasma instabilities and their relationship to substorm onset. Theoretical analysis of reconnection in multifluid plasmas has shown that the presence of a heavy ion slows the reconnection rate raising interesting implications for the occurrence rate of substorms. Global scale simulations have been used to effectively model the interaction of the solar wind with the tightly coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system. These models are now beginning to develop methods to include mass outflows from the ionosphere. Techniques for including these outflows include both empirical and first principle models. In the empirical techniques the relationship between observed parameters such as Poynting flux and outflow are used to specify both the location and intensity of the outflow coming from the cusp and auroral regions. First principle models of the polar wind typically use a large set of single flux tube simulations to describe the plasma flowing out over the entire polar cap. In both approaches significant impacts on the state of the magnetosphere are seen when the ionospheric plasma is included. These affects include improved agreement with Dst observations, changes in the cross polar cap potential, and alteration of the length of the magnetotail. Furthermore, some simulation results have demonstrated a role for O+ in the transition from steady magnetospheric convection into the sawtooth intervals containing multiple storage and release segments.