Cells and Materials


This paper concisely reviews the general principles underlying protein adsorption from aqueous solution onto a solid surface. The discussion includes the various stages of the adsorption process, i. e., transport of the protein molecules towards the surface, the absorbed amount under equilibrium conditions, desorption and re-adsorption. Among the interactions that determine the overall protein adsorption process (1 ) redistribution of charged groups in the interfacial layer, (2) changes in the hydration of the sorbent and the protein surface, and (3) structural rearrangements in the protein molecule play major roles. Special attention is given to the relation between the structural stability of the protein molecule and its adsorption behaviour.