Low volume fungicide smoke particle deposits were studied with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Under greenhouse conditions, particles deposited on Rhododendron leaf surfaces and onto inert, carbon planchets adjacent to Rhododendron leaves were characterized by electron beam analysis. Angular particles containing chlorine, identified as vinclozolin deposition, were quantified on a per unit area basis. Leaf samples collected from plants immediately adjacent to the smoke applicator had more particles than leaf samples collected elsewhere. More deposition was measured on leaf surfaces than on inert planchet surfaces. This study increased our knowledge about the effectiveness of using less fungicide to control plant disease and could increase consumer safety and reduce work hazard.
Krause, C. R. and Powell, C. C.
"Measurement of Fungicide Smoke Application by Electron Beam Analysis,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 3
, Article 25.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol3/iss1/25