Event Title

Forestry Education in China: From Planning Economy to Market Economy

Presenter Information

Yaogi Zhang, Auburn University

Location

Latham Ballroom A/B

Event Website

http://www.cpe.vt.edu/cuenr/index.html

Start Date

26-3-2010 1:10 PM

End Date

26-3-2010 1:15 PM

Description

This paper review that dramatic changes taking place in the past 3 decades as China is in transition from central plan economy to market economy. China started a series of reforms after resuming higher education systems and several years of normalization (from 1978 to 1985). In the past decade, the most significant changes in forestry education include: (1) rapidly growing student enrollment numbers of forestry education (from 12,630 in year 1998 to 56,656 in 2008) and shrinking share in total higher education enrollment (from 1.17 % in 1998 to 0.93 % in 2008); (2) fast growth in postgraduate education (both master degree and Ph.D.), diversification of the levels of education (such as vocational education), and joint education with foreign universities; (3) merging some independent forestry colleges into other college, especially agriculture colleges) and transformation of tradition forest college toward more comprehensive educations, including art, agriculture, engineering, economics, management, law, philosophy and education. Other important changes include student job placement, imposing tuition, decentralization of forestry colleges and budgets. All these changes largely reflect both economic structural changes as well as economic system from planning economy to market economy. In providing facts and information of the forestry education, this paper also aims to provide the driving forces of the changes and its socio‐ economic context of the changes. Some perspectives and policy implications are also provided.

Comments

Citation: Zhang, Y. 2010. Forestry education in China: from planning economy to market economy. UENR Biennial Conference, Poster Session, Paper Number 3. http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cuenr/Sessions/Poster/3/.

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Mar 26th, 1:10 PM Mar 26th, 1:15 PM

Forestry Education in China: From Planning Economy to Market Economy

Latham Ballroom A/B

This paper review that dramatic changes taking place in the past 3 decades as China is in transition from central plan economy to market economy. China started a series of reforms after resuming higher education systems and several years of normalization (from 1978 to 1985). In the past decade, the most significant changes in forestry education include: (1) rapidly growing student enrollment numbers of forestry education (from 12,630 in year 1998 to 56,656 in 2008) and shrinking share in total higher education enrollment (from 1.17 % in 1998 to 0.93 % in 2008); (2) fast growth in postgraduate education (both master degree and Ph.D.), diversification of the levels of education (such as vocational education), and joint education with foreign universities; (3) merging some independent forestry colleges into other college, especially agriculture colleges) and transformation of tradition forest college toward more comprehensive educations, including art, agriculture, engineering, economics, management, law, philosophy and education. Other important changes include student job placement, imposing tuition, decentralization of forestry colleges and budgets. All these changes largely reflect both economic structural changes as well as economic system from planning economy to market economy. In providing facts and information of the forestry education, this paper also aims to provide the driving forces of the changes and its socio‐ economic context of the changes. Some perspectives and policy implications are also provided.

http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cuenr/Sessions/Poster/3