Economic Research Institute Study paper
Utah State University
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The enforcement of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendment of 1972 (PL92-500) has been primarily directed at "point sources" of pollution, that is, those polluters who se effluent is easily isolated and identified such as municipalities and industrial plants. Violators have been fined varying amounts depending upon the frequency, extent and type of violation. The long run goul of the legislation is, however, to eliminate all man-caused effluent--to reach a zero discharge level of effluents for all activities. If and when these standards are applied to irrigated agriculture several problems may appear, both in the attempt to enforce effluent standards and in the effect that enforcement may have on agriculture in general and irrigated agriculture in particular. Some of these problems will be suggested in a general context; a detailed discussion of some of the possible impacts of water quality controls in t he Colorado River Basin will then be undertaken, with particular references to the zero discharge requirement.
Keith, John H., "Water Quality Management and Irrigated Agriculture: Potential Conflicts in the Colorado River Basin" (1977). Economic Research Institute Study Papers. Paper 355.