As a contribution to the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, this report provides an introduction to current American Indian interests in the northern intermontane region of western North America and assesses the prospects of tribes pursuing those interests into the 21st century. A primary goal of the Federal interagency project is to develop scientifically sound and ecosystem-based management strategies for forest and range lands under stewardship of the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management in the greater Pacific Northwest (Fig. 1). As an integral part of the project, a scientific assessment is designed to characterize and assess socio-economic and biophysical conditions throughout the interior Columbia River basin and certain adjoining regions, and to identify emerging issues that relate to ecosystem management. This report, more particularly, contributes to the assessment phase of the project. Given the remarkably broad nature of tribal interests in the region, this report addresses a comisserately wide range of topics. For this reason, the term 'cultural resources' as commonly used by agencies over the past two decades has been broadened in meaning. 'Cultural resources' in the context of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project refers to native species (plants and animals), inanimate materials, landforms, archaeological sites, ancestral grounds and other components of the physical environment associated with American Indian traditional use of the region.
United States Bureau of Land Management, "Treaties, Spirituality, and Ecosystems, American Indian Interests in the Northern Intermontane Region of Western North America" (1995). All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Paper 234.