Document Type

Conference Paper

Journal/Book Title/Conference

31st AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference

Volume

San Diego, CA

Publisher

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Publication Date

6-24-2013

Abstract

A decomposed Fourier series solution to Prandtl's classical lifting-line theory is used to predict the lift, induced-thrust, and power coefficients developed by a flapping wing. A significant advantage of this quasi-steady analytical solution over commonly used numerical methods is the utility provided for optimizing wing flapping cycles. The analytical solution involves five time-dependent functions that could all be optimized to maximize thrust, propulsive efficiency, and/or other performance measures. Results show that by optimizing only two of these five functions, propulsive efficiencies exceeding 97% can be obtained. Results are presented for untwisted rectangular wings in pure plunging, rectangular wings with linear washout and the minimum-power washout magnitude, and rectangular wings with the minimum-power washout distribution and magnitude.

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