We tested the use of audio tapes versus interactive computer software for learning of bird songs by undergraduate students at the University of Missouri. Overall final grades did not differ between semesters when audio tapes or computer software were used to study bird songs. Mean song quiz scores were higher (21.63 vs 19.48; 25 maximum, P=0.04) and mean quiz score variances lower (0.49 vs. 0.75, P=0.007) when students had access to interactive computer software than when they used audio tapes to study bird songs. Key factors affecting improved student performance seemed to be higher student interactions and peer teaching activity, self-testing options, and ease of access to specific quiz material provided by interactive computer software.
Ryan, Mark R. and Dugger, Bruce D.
"Audio tapes vs. interactive computer software for studying bird songs: The value of active learning,"
Natural Resources and Environmental Issues:
Vol. 7, Article 29.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/nrei/vol7/iss1/29