Title

Educational Status and HIV Disparities in Cameroon: Are Uneducated Women at Reduced Risk of HIV Infection?

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

African Population Studies

Publication Date

2009

Publisher

Union for African Population Studies

Volume

23

Issue

S

First Page

127

Last Page

140

Abstract

The socioeconomic gradient in health and mortality is a persistent finding in social epidemiology. Indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) such as wealth and education are routinely found to be strongly and inversely related to various health outcomes. However, data from the 2004 Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) show that educational status is positively associated with HIV prevalence, particularly among women. In this investigation, we analyzed data from 5,287 women in the 2004 Cameroon DHS to explore possible demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral mechanisms that could account for this association. After controlling for variables such as age, marital status, region of residence, and partner’s educational attainment, the association between education and HIV was not merely attenuated, but essentially eliminated. This research contributes to a growing body of literature on SES and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, which has the potential to improve our collective understanding and refine current social policies.

Comments

Originally published by the Union for African Population Studies. Journal website can be accessed through remote link. Article fulltext not available online.