Annual Report 1993
U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration
Historically, thousands of Snake River Sockeye salmon returned to the Sawtooth Valley to spawn. Evermann (1896) reported that the Sawtooth Valley Lakes were teeming with red fish. Bjornn (196~) estimated that 4,360 sockeye returned to Redfish Lake in 1955. These numbers no longer exist. In the 1980's, less than 50 Snake River sockeye salmon survived to spawn (Bowler 1990). Since 19-90, only 13 sockeye have returned. Because of recent declines, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes (SBT) petitioned the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS-) to list Snake River sockeye as endangered. As a result, Snake River sockeye were listed and the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) began funding recovery efforts.
Teuscher, David; Taki, Doug; and Wurtsbaugh, Wayne A., "Snake River Sockeye Salmon Habitat and Limnological Research" (1993). Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications. Paper 527.