Wildfire, National Park Visitation, and Changes in Regional Economic Activity
Data from the associated paper. Abstract from paper below:
The visibility, safety, and health effects of seasonal wildfires may affect recreational visits to national parks (NPs), even if fires occur outside of park boundaries. This study statistically quantifies the effect of nearby wildfire on tourist flows to each of Utah's five NPs (Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion). Using monthly data from May 1993 to December 2015, we empirically link wildfire activities (measured as monthly area burned within 80 km, 160 km, and 320 km radii) to monthly visits to each national park. Results show that wildfire has negative and statistically significant effects on visitation in four of the five NPs. Aggregate annual visitation losses at each park are between 0.5% and 1.5% during a typical (mean) fire year. The negative regional economic impacts of seasonal wildfire at all national parks in Utah are estimated to be between $2.7 and $4.5 million, with an associated loss of between 31 and 53 jobs depending on the extent of area burned. Economic impacts of reduced visitor expenditures are distributed unequally, with proportionately greater negative effects occurring in tourism-dependent rural economies.
.do, .dta, .pdf, .txt
Software program Stata is needed to use data (.do and .dta files). Data variables are defined in the .do files
Utah Department of Agriculture and Food
Utah State University
Utah Department of Agriculture and Food 200542-00002
Data files were collected from areas listed below.
File #1: 1_Kim_Jakus_2019_wildfire_nps_visitation_JORT26 single NP models.do Uses two data files (Files #3 and #4, below) to generate data for Figure 1 and Tables 1, 2, and 3
File #2: 2_Kim_Jakus_2019_JORT26 pooled models.do Uses data file (File #5, below) to estimate the pooled models reported in Table 4
File #3: NPS_visitors.dta Visitor Data
File #4: m_wildfire_AZ CO NM NV UT_data.dta Wildfire data used to define concentric rings of 80 km, 160 km, and 320 km around each National Park
File #5: NPS_visitors_panel AZ CO NM NV UT.dta Combined visitor and fire proximity data used in pooled modles for Table 4
File #6: Kim Jakus JORT 2019 Statistical Appendix.pdf Reports additional models and test statistics estimated during the review process, but not reported in text.
File #7: Kim Jakus Wildfire and NP_JORT submission 3-10-19.pdf pdf version of final submission to JORT
Kim, M.-K., & Jakus, P. M. (2019). Wildfire, national park visitation, and changes in regional economic activity. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 26, 34–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2019.03.007
Data variables are defined in the .do files
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Kim, Man-Keun and Jakus, Paul M., "Wildfire, National Park Visitation, and Changes in Regional Economic Activity" (2019). Browse all Datasets. Paper 86.
FilesREADME.txt (1 kB)
1_Kim_Jakus_2019_wildfire_nps_visitation_JORT26_single_NP_models.do (39 kB)
2_Kim_Jakus_2019_JORT26_pooled_models.do (12 kB)
NPS_visitors.dta (19 kB)
m_wildfire_AZ_CO_NM_NV_UT_data.dta (41 kB)
NPS_visitors_panel_AZ_CO_NM_NV_UT.dta (106 kB)
Kim_Jakus_JORT_2019_Statistical_Appendix.pdf (408 kB)
Kim_Jakus_Wildfire_and_NPs_JORT_2019.pdf (1566 kB)