Data from the associated paper. Abstract from paper below:

The visibility, safety, and health effects of seasonal wildfires may affect recreational visits to national parks (NPs), even if fires occur outside of park boundaries. This study statistically quantifies the effect of nearby wildfire on tourist flows to each of Utah's five NPs (Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion). Using monthly data from May 1993 to December 2015, we empirically link wildfire activities (measured as monthly area burned within 80 km, 160 km, and 320 km radii) to monthly visits to each national park. Results show that wildfire has negative and statistically significant effects on visitation in four of the five NPs. Aggregate annual visitation losses at each park are between 0.5% and 1.5% during a typical (mean) fire year. The negative regional economic impacts of seasonal wildfire at all national parks in Utah are estimated to be between $2.7 and $4.5 million, with an associated loss of between 31 and 53 jobs depending on the extent of area burned. Economic impacts of reduced visitor expenditures are distributed unequally, with proportionately greater negative effects occurring in tourism-dependent rural economies.

Author ORCID Identifier

Paul M. Jakus 0000-0001-9261-3709



Document Type




File Format

.do, .dta, .pdf, .txt

Viewing Instructions

Software program Stata is needed to use data (.do and .dta files). Data variables are defined in the .do files

Publication Date



Utah Department of Agriculture and Food


Utah State University

Award Number

Utah Department of Agriculture and Food 200542-00002


Data files were collected from areas listed below.

File #1: 1_Kim_Jakus_2019_wildfire_nps_visitation_JORT26 single NP Uses two data files (Files #3 and #4, below) to generate data for Figure 1 and Tables 1, 2, and 3

File #2: 2_Kim_Jakus_2019_JORT26 pooled Uses data file (File #5, below) to estimate the pooled models reported in Table 4

File #3: NPS_visitors.dta Visitor Data

File #4: m_wildfire_AZ CO NM NV UT_data.dta Wildfire data used to define concentric rings of 80 km, 160 km, and 320 km around each National Park

File #5: NPS_visitors_panel AZ CO NM NV UT.dta Combined visitor and fire proximity data used in pooled modles for Table 4

File #6: Kim Jakus JORT 2019 Statistical Appendix.pdf Reports additional models and test statistics estimated during the review process, but not reported in text.

File #7: Kim Jakus Wildfire and NP_JORT submission 3-10-19.pdf pdf version of final submission to JORT

Referenced by

Kim, M.-K., & Jakus, P. M. (2019). Wildfire, national park visitation, and changes in regional economic activity. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 26, 34–42.



Code Lists

Data variables are defined in the .do files


Agricultural Economics


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.




Additional Files

README.txt (1 kB)
MD5: 7a49e31191a30b4cda418677649846b9 (39 kB)
MD5: 25af3e619948150850b5017024c0a6d0 (12 kB)
MD5: 31423ec72d7acfc0ea7ce488c231a66a

NPS_visitors.dta (19 kB)
MD5: 2bd7c3a58a596b4ae8ca557d7a6afffd

m_wildfire_AZ_CO_NM_NV_UT_data.dta (41 kB)
MD5: edd76c9e449ed701f9a7e479869cdc67

NPS_visitors_panel_AZ_CO_NM_NV_UT.dta (106 kB)
MD5: b1aca3e48c5d0466e5eb6dcde55ec426

Kim_Jakus_JORT_2019_Statistical_Appendix.pdf (408 kB)
MD5: c406274d38ca015646b69fdb82bc599b

Kim_Jakus_Wildfire_and_NPs_JORT_2019.pdf (1566 kB)
MD5: eb4564f160ecde378c210984667992c8