Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Food Products in the Developing World
Worldwide consumer response toward food products made from genetically modified (GM) ingredients has been largely negative. However, the majority of the previous studies on consumer attitudes towards food products were conducted in developed countries in Europe as well as Japan. The small number of studies conducted in developing nations obtain different results from those of the developed world. This paper considers the motivations for consumer attitudes towards genetically modified foods in developing nations. We conclude that the generally positive perception towards GM foods in developing nations stems from more urgent needs in terms of food availability and nutritional content. Additionally, perceived levels of risk may be smaller due to trust in government, positive perceptions of science, and positive media influences. This is contrary to the smaller benefits and higher perceived risks found in many developed countries, and hence, the rational for low or non-acceptance of GM foods in those countries.
Curtis, K.R., J.J. McCluskey, and T.I. Wahl, (2004). “Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Food Products in the Developing World.” AgBioForum, 7(1&2), 69-74.