Extraction of hemicelluloses from poplar, Populus tremuloides, using an extruder-type twin-screw reactor: a feasibility study
Hemicelluloses were extracted from the hardwood Populus tremuloides via alkaline solubilization using a modified Clextral twin-screw extruder. Extraction yields were studied as a function of temperature and sodium hydroxide input flow rate, and compared to batch experiments. Based on the content of pentosans, the twin-screw reactor allows extraction of up to 90% of the initial hemicelluloses, the liquid/solid ratio being six times less than for a batch reactor and the solid reaction time being much lower. Moreover, an efficient liquid/solid separation was obtained, even at high caustic solution flow rate, the extracted solid being drier than the starting material. At a fixed solid flow rate (2.2 kg of dry wood/h) the solubilization of hemicelluloses was directly correlated to the specific mechanical energy (SME) absorbed by the processed material. When solubilized in water, extracted hemicelluloses exhibit a thickening behavior, the solution being pseudoplastic and thixotropic.
N'Diaye, S.; Rigal, L.; Larocque, P.; and Vidal, P.F., "Extraction of hemicelluloses from poplar, Populus tremuloides, using an extruder-type twin-screw reactor: a feasibility study" (1996). Aspen Bibliography. Paper 1690.