Aspen Bibliography

Document Type



American Chemical Society. Washington, D.C.

Journal/Book Title/Conference

American Chemical Society Symposium Series Cellulose Technol. Res/ Cellulose technology research


Symposium Series 10

First Page


Last Page


Publication Date



Cellulose is the most abundant, naturally renewable material on earth. It, and hemicellulose, make up about 70% of the dry weight of shrubs and trees. The cellulose of woody plants, however, is largely unavailable to ruminants because of the highly crystalline nature of the cellulose molecule and the existence of a lignin-carbohydrate complex. If convenient ways can be found to enhance the availability of wood cellulose to enzymatic or microbiological systems, wood residues could provide an additional renewable energy feed supply for a world that can maintain no contingency reserve of feedstuffs. It would permit utilization of the large quantities of cellulosic residues that occur during harvest and manufacture of wood and cellulose products and provide a method of disposal of the used products.

This article presents a summary of research conducted on the use of wood and wood-based materials in animal feeds at the Forest Products Laboratory and the University of Wisconsin, and research in cooperation with the Tennessee Valley Authority, the U.S.D.A. Agricultural Research Service, Animal Nutrition Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, and Auburn University.