Decoupling of Functional Traits From Intraspecific Patterns of Growth and Drought Stress Resistance
Author ORCID Identifier
Kelly L. Kerr https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0830-2148
Jaycie C. Fickle https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8825-8978
William R. L. Anderegg https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6551-3331
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
- Intraspecific variation in functional traits may mediate tree species' drought resistance, yet whether trait variation is due to genotype (G), environment (E), or G×E interactions remains unknown. Understanding the drivers of intraspecific trait variation and whether variation mediates drought response can improve predictions of species' response to future drought.
- Using populations of quaking aspen spanning a climate gradient, we investigated intraspecific variation in functional traits in the field as well as the influence of G and E among propagules in a common garden. We also tested for trait-mediated trade-offs in growth and drought stress tolerance.
- We observed intraspecific trait variation among the populations, yet this variation did not necessarily translate to higher drought stress tolerance in hotter/drier populations. Additionally, plasticity in the common garden was low, especially in propagules derived from the hottest/driest population. We found no growth–drought stress tolerance trade-offs and few traits exhibited significant relationships with mortality in the natural populations, suggesting that intraspecific trait variation among the traits measured did not strongly mediate responses to drought stress.
- Our results highlight the limits of trait-mediated responses to drought stress and the complex G×E interactions that may underlie drought stress tolerance variation in forests in dry environments.
Kerr, K. L., J. C. Fickle, and W. R. Anderegg. 2023. Decoupling of functional traits from intraspecific patterns of growth and drought stress resistance. New Phytologist 239:174-188.