Influence of subjective norms and communication preferences on grain farmers’ attitudes toward organic and non-organic farming
Journal of Applied Communications
Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences
Interpersonal communication and mass media can influence an individual's attitude or behavior. International and American studies have shown that interpersonal contacts have influenced farmers' decisions to adopt or not adopt organic farming while other studies have revealed the communication preferences can differ between organic and non-organic farmers. This study was unique as it combined components of the theory of planned behavior and diffusion of innovations to describe the role subjective norms and communication channels have on forming attitudes toward organic and non-organic farming by non-organic Midwestern grain farmers. Data were collected through a questionnair sent to 320 members of the Ohio Corn Growers Association or the Ohio Wheat Growers Association. Respondents cared about the opinions of the their subjective norms but not feel pressure from these subjective norms to adopt organic farming. Ohio grain farmers in this study also indicated the importance of communication channels for influencing their decisions to adopt of not adopt farming practices. Interpersonal communication channels (demonstrations, other farmers, meetings, workshops, suppliers, Extension agents) were the most important. The researchers suggested that agricultural communicators and commodity organizations consider the purpose of their messages and select the most appropriate source for delivery. Recommendations were made for further research and teaching by agricultural communication faculty
Hall, K., & Rhoades, E. (2010). Influence of subjective norms and communication preferences on grain farmers’ attitudes toward organic and non-organic farming. Journal of Applied Communications, 94(3-4), 51-64.