Ecology, Silviculture, and Management of the Engelmann Spruce - Subalpine Fir Type in the Central and Southern Rocky Mountains
Summarizes and consolidates ecological and silvicultural knowledge of spruce-fir forests. Describes the biological and environmental values, stand regeneration, stand management, and growth and yield.
Alexander, R. (1987). Ecology, silviculture, and management of the Engelmann spruce - subalpine fir type in the central and southern Rocky Mountains. USDA Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 659, 144 pp.