Learning to love leftovers: using by-catch to expand our knowledge in entomology
Each year, federal and state agencies, including universities, conduct field surveys for invasive species in an attempt to detect new introductions early in the invasion process. National surveys for invasive insects are administered and coordinated by the United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service-Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA-APHIS-PPQ) and the Forest Service through Farm Bill § 10007 ( www.aphis.usda.gov ), the Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) (caps.ceris.purdue.edu), and Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR) ( www.fs.fed.us/invasivespecies ) programs. Thousands of traps are placed annually and monitored usually every one to two weeks throughout the U.S., mostly during the time of expected pest activity. These extensive trapping and monitoring efforts have led to improved pest detection and management and have supported additional pest-related research (e.g., Cranshaw 2011 ).
Spears, L.† and R.A. Ramirez. 2015. Learning to love leftovers: using by-catch to expand our knowledge in entomology. American Entomologist 61:168-173