Effects of UVB Irradiance on Conidia and Germinants of the Entomopathogenic Hyphomycete Metarhizium Anisopliae: a Study of Reciprocity and Recovery
Photochemistry and Photobiology
We tested the effects of irradiances of 920 and 1200 mW m−2 (weighted irradiance) on the conidia and germinants of the entomopathogenic Hyphomycete Metarhizium anisopliae. The conidia were exposed to the two irradiances for 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 or 8 h. Increased exposure decreased relative percent culturability. The inactivation provoked by the irradiance of 1200 mW m−2 was higher than for the 920 mW m−2, with a reduction in the 50% lethal time (LT50) from 6 h 40 min to 4 h 26 min. Reciprocity was not observed when conidia in water suspension and germinants in different stages of the germinative process were exposed to a 17.3 kJ m−2 total dose at both irradiance levels. Although nonreciprocity was observed in all situations, its magnitude varied as a function of metabolic state and/or cell-cycle phase in which the conidia were at the exposure time. The least difference between the effects of the two irradiance levels was observed when nongerminating conidia in suspension were exposed, and the greatest was observed when conidia were exposed during an advanced germination phase. Doses of 6.6 and 17.3 kJ m−2 supplied through the two irradiance levels delayed the germination of the surviving conidia. At both doses, delay was greater during exposure to the higher irradiance. Nonreciprocity was higher for the 17.3 kJ m−2 dose. Nonreciprocity magnitude, in addition to depending on the conidial physiological state, also depended on dose. The results demonstrate the importance of evaluating the impact of the increase in irradiance during the different stages of the fungal life cycle, especially during the stages which are more sensitive to UV, and not simply in dormant conidia.
Braga, G.U.L., S.D. Flint, C.L. Messias, A.J. Anderson and D.W. Roberts. 2001. Effects of UVB irradiance on conidia and germinants of the entomopathogenic hyphomycete Metarhizium anisopliae: A study of reciprocity and recovery. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 73(2): 140-146.