Pathogenicity and growth of Metarhizium anisopliae stably transformed to benomyl resistance
The insect pathogenic hyphomycete Metarhizium anisopliae was transformed to benomyl resistance using pBENA3, a plasmid containing the benA3 allele from Aspergillus nidulans. The transformation rate was 9 transformants/50 μg DNA/2×106 viable protoplasts. Southern hybridization analyses indicated that the plasmid integrated by nonhomologous recombination at multiple loci. The sites of integration differed among transformants. There was no evidence for autonomous plasmid replication in the transformants. Transformants grew at benomyl concentrations up to 10 times that which inhibits wild type, and they were mitotically stable on either selective or non-selective medium or insect tissue. The transformants were pathogenic to the hornworm, Manduca sexta, producing both appressoria and the cuticle-degrading enzyme, chymoelastase, in the presence of 50 μg/ml of benomyl. These studies demonstrate the potential of using transgenic strains of entomopathogenic fungi along with other components of pest control such as fungicides.
Goettel, M.S., R.J. St. Leger, S. Bhairi, M.K. Jung, B.R. Oakley, D.W. Roberts and R.C. Staples. 1990. Pathogenicity and growth of Metarhizium anisopliae stably transformed to benomyl resistance. Curr. Genet. 17: 129-132.