Solute effects on Lagenidium giganteum: Zoospore motility and bioassay reproducibility

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Journal of Invertebrate Pathology



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The zoospores of Lagenidium giganteum rapidly lose motility when dispersed in deionized water. Several organic solutes were tested for the ability to prolong zoospore activity. Peptone at 0.2 and 0.05 g/liter was more effective than methionine and glucose, individually or in combination. The use of 0.2 g/liter of peptone as a medium for bioassays of L. giganteum against 3-day-old Aedes aegypti reduced the mean LD50 to 12.9 zoospores/ml as compared to 133 with field water and 124 with deionized water. The use of peptone also dramatically improved the reproducibility of the assays and the goodness of fit of the resultant probit regression lines. The mean χ2 values were 7.4 for 0.2 g/liter of peptone, 26.8 for field water, and 47.8 for deionized water. It is suggested that the erratic results obtained from use of deionized water are due to variation in the osmotic stress to which the zoospores were exposed, depending on the amount of debris that is introduced into the assays along with the mosquito larvae.

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