Plant Resistance to the Russian Wheat Aphid: Effects on a Non-Target Aphid and the Role of Induction
Several resistant lines of wheat, Triticum aestivum (L.) (Poaceae), have been developed to control populations of the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). We examined the potential effects of D. noxia resistant lines on another aphid, the bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)), which commonly co-occurs with D. noxia. Because one type of resistance (mediated by the Dn1 gene) is purported to be induced rather than constitutive, we also determined the degree to which the suitability of resistant and susceptible plants is modified by previous infestation. Although resistant lines were derived from five different sources, we did not detect any differences in the population growth of R. padi on resistant and near-isogenic susceptible plants. The performance of D. noxia was reduced as expected on resistant plants but was unaffected by whether or not plants had been previously infested. In contrast, the performance of R. padi was reduced on plants that had been previously infested but was unaffected by whether plants were resistant or susceptible to D. noxia. Because neither species’ performance was especially low on previously infested, resistant plants, there was no evidence that prior aphid feeding induces a higher level of resistance.
Messina, F.J. & A.J. Bloxham. 2004. Plant resistance to the Russian wheat aphid: effects on a non- target aphid and the role of induction. Canadian Entomologist 136: 129-137.