Behavior of Submerged Ogee Crest Weirs
Journal of Irrigation and Draining
Weir head-discharge relationships are typically described using the discharge coefficient-dependent standard weir equation. The submerged weir (tailwater exceeds the weir crest elevation) head-discharge relationship can vary from the free-flow head-discharge relationship, particularly at high submergence levels. The accuracy associated with predicting the upstream head or discharge, corresponding to submerged weir flow conditions, is dependent upon the accuracy with which a representative submerged discharge coefficient can be determined. A submerged ogee crest weir discharge coefficient predictive method developed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) is reviewed and its predictive accuracy compared to laboratory-scale submerged ogee crest weir experimental data associated with a wide range of submerged flow conditions for nine different ogee crest weir geometries. Discussion is presented in an effort to partially explain the relatively poor correlation between the USBR method and the experimental data set. Alternative submerged discharge coefficient relationships are also presented.
Tullis, B.P (2011). “Behavior of Submerged Ogee Crest Weirs.” J. Irrig. Drain., 137(10), 677-681.