Head-Discharge Relationships for Submerged Labyrinth Weirs
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
Low-head labyrinth weir control structures installed on mild sloping channels or where the channel downstream of the weir is constricting and/or heavily vegetated can experience submergence. Weir submergence occurs when the tailwater surpasses the weir crest elevation, causing an increase in the upstream driving head for a given discharge, relative to a free-discharge condition. The most familiar relationship for predicting submerged weir head-discharge relationships is likely that of James R. Villemonte, which he published in 1947 for sharp-crested linear weirs. For lack of a better alternative, Villemonte’s relation has also been applied to predicting submerged labyrinth weir performance. A new dimensionless submerged head relationship developed in this study is presented for submerged labyrinth weirs. A similar relationship is also presented for linear sharp-crested weirs. The accuracy of the submerged linear weir relationship was equivalent to Villemonte’s and is simpler to solve when working in terms of total upstream head. Relative to Villemonte’s relationship applied to labyrinth weirs, the new submerged labyrinth weir relationship reduced the predictive errors from 23 to 3.5% (maximum) and 8.9 to 0.9% (average), relative to the experimental data.
Tullis, B.P., J.C. Young, and M.A. Chandler (2007). “Head-Discharge Relationships for Submerged Labyrinth Weirs.” J Hydraul. Eng., 133(3), 248-254.