Title

Downscaling and Forecasting of Evapotranspiration Using a Synthetic Model of Wavelets and Support Vector Machines

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

Volume

46

Issue

9

Publication Date

1-1-2008

First Page

2692

Last Page

2707

DOI

10.1109/TGRS.2008.919819

Abstract

See all › 27 Citations See all › 60 References See all › 8 FiguresShare Download Full-text PDF Downscaling and Forecasting of Evapotranspiration Using a Synthetic Model of Wavelets and Support Vector Machines Article (PDF Available) in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 46(9):2692 - 2707 · October 2008 with 155 Reads DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2008.919819 · Source: IEEE Xplore 1st Yasir Kaheil 17.68 · FM Global, Norwood, MA, USA 2nd Enrique Rosero + 1 3rd M.K. Gill Last Luis Bastidas 28.25 · Utah State University Show more authors Abstract Providing reliable forecasts of evapotranspiration (ET) at farm level is a key element toward efficient water management in irrigated basins. This paper presents an algorithm that provides a means to downscale and forecast dependent variables such as ET images. Using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and support vector machines (SVMs), the algorithm finds multiple relationships between inputs and outputs at all different spatial scales and uses these relationships to predict the output at the finest resolution. Decomposing and reconstructing processes are done by using 2-D DWT with basis functions that suit the physics of the property in question. Two-dimensional DWT for one level will result in one datum image (low-low-pass filter image) and three detail images (low-high, high-low, and high-high). The underlying relationship between the input variables and the output are learned by training an SVM on the datum images at the resolution of the output. The SVM is then applied on the detailed images to produce the detailed images of the output, which are needed to help downscale the output image to a higher resolution. In addition to being downscaled, the output image can be shifted ahead in time, providing a means for the algorithm to be used for forecasting. The algorithm has been applied on two case studies, one in Bondville, IL, where the results have been validated against AmeriFlux observations, and another in the Sevier River Basin, UT.

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