Basin-scale water management and forecasting using artificial neural networks
American Water Resources Association
Water scarcity in the Sevier River Basin in south-central Utah has led water managers to seek advanced techniques for identifying optimal forecasting and management measures. To more efficiently use the limited quantity of water in the basin, better methods for control and forecasting are imperative. Basin scale management requires advanced forecasts of the availability of water. Information about long term water availability is important for decision making in terms of how much land to plant and what crops to grow; advanced daily predictions of streamflows and hydraulic characteristics of irrigation canals are of importance for managing water delivery and reservoir releases; and hourly forecasts of flows in tributary streams to account for diurnal fluctuations are vital to more precisely meet the day-to-day expectations of downstream farmers. A priori streamflow information and exogenous climate data have been used to predict future streamflows and required reservoir releases at different timescales. Data on snow water equivalent, sea surface temperatures, temperature, total solar radiation, and precipitation are fused by applying artificial neural networks to enhance long term and real time basin scale water management information. This approach has not previously been used in water resources management at the basin-scale and could be valuable to water users in semi-arid areas to more efficiently utilize and manage scarce water resources.
Khalil, A.F., M. McKee, M. Kemblowski, and T. Asefa. 2005. Basin-scale water management and forecasting using artificial neural networks. J. American Water Resources Association, 41(1):195–208. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03728.