Title

A New Method for the Determination of Flow Directions and Contributing Areas in Grid Digital Elevation Models

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Water Resources Research

Volume

33

Issue

2

Publisher

Wiley

Publication Date

2-1-1997

First Page

309

Last Page

319

DOI

10.1029/96WR03137

Abstract

A new procedure for the representation of flow directions and calculation of upslope areas using rectangular grid digital elevation models is presented. The procedure is based on representing flow direction as a single angle taken as the steepest downward slope on the eight triangular facets centered at each grid point. Upslope area is then calculated by proportioning flow between two downslope pixels according to how close this flow direction is to the direct angle to the downslope pixel. This procedure offers improvements over prior procedures that have restricted flow to eight possible directions (introducing grid bia) or proportioned flow according to slope (introducing unrealistic dispersion). The new procedure is more robust than prior procedures based on fitting local planes while retaining a simple grid based structure. Detailed algorithms are presented and results are demonstrated through test examples and application to digital elevation data sets.

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